First I will 4 key terms, and then we will group two of
them together to see what the whole definition is.
social science dealing with the production, distribution, and consumption of
goods and services.
Law, Deluxe, unabridged, 1999, 7th edition.
quality or state of being free
Webster’s dictionary online
public's health, peace, morals, and safety.
Law, Deluxe, unabridged, 1999, 7th edition
The science, art, or practice of
cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and in varying
degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting products.
Merriam Webster’s dictionary online.
Taking from these definitions we see
that economic liberty is the quality of being free to produce, distribute, and
consume goods and services.
Since the value of ‘the general
welfare’ is so broad the affirmative has chosen to narrow it down to the value
of quality of life
The definition of quality of life from
the Canadian Mental Health Association is the
“Opportunity to develop and maintain a healthy mind, body and spirit.”
Obviously, this falls under the umbrella of the health,
peace, morals and safety of the public.
Since the value of quality of life is
broad, we will use the criteria of health
to demonstrate how my case upholds this value.
The definition of health, from the
American Dictionary of the English Language, First Edition. “That state of an
animal or living body, in which the parts are sound, well organized and
disposed, and in which they all perform freely their natural functions.”
A large part of quality of life is health, which is why I
offer this criteria.
The affirmative holds that the restriction of employers use of child labor is
justified for the minor’s health.
The resolution presents several
First the affirmative has the
responsibility to prove that the U.S. restricts the economic liberty of
employers for the sake of the health.
And second, the negative has the
responsibility to prove that it is beneficial to not restrict economic liberty
through child labor.
The first burden is justified because
it is essentially stating my roll in the resolution.
The second is justified because for the negative to have the ballot cast
in their favor, they need to prove that their value is more important than mine.
Before we discuss anything else let’s look at an overview of the two values, economic liberty and the general welfare.
One of the reasons that health
is important is because if you lose it, it is difficult to regain. As
Buckminster said, “Though Health may be enjoyed without gratitude, it cannot
be sported with without loss, or regained by courage.” That is why we need to
guard our health, and keep it at the cost of economic liberty.
the value of liberty as the supreme good causes anarchy
Bertrand Russell, 1918 Proposed roads to Freedom.
Liberty is the supreme good in the
Anarchist creed, and liberty is sought by the direct road of abolishing all
forcible control over the individual by the community.
That is just two reasons why economic liberty should be
restricted for the sake of the general welfare.
Now let’s look at how this applies to the field of agriculture. The U.S. government enacted the
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), part of which restricts
a. Minors under the age of 16 from working during school hours.
b. Heavy machinary.
c. Pesticides and explosives
Near dangerous animals.
These regulations constitue a restriction on the economic
liberty of farmers use of labor
These restrictions are justified because they protect the
health, education, and safety of general farm workers.
There are other regulations on how the U.S. restricts economic liberty.
HACCP is one of these restrictions. It:
A. Analyzes hazards (biological, chemical, and physical)
B. Establishes preventive measures (cooking time, temperature)
And an advantage of it is that it prevents hazards from contaminating
This restricts the economic
liberty of the farmers employing the minors for the sake of the minor’s health
In conclusion we see that there are two
reasons why health and the quality of life should be kept over economic liberty.
First, health can be easily lost, and second, that unrestricted liberty leads to
anarchy. We also saw that the U.S.
restricts economic liberty for the sake of minor’s health and quality of life
by passing the FLSA. And the U.S.
passed HACCP to protect food. It is important for the United States to protect
its citizens, that is why these restrictions are justified. I am now open for